Piero della Francesca Paintings

Piero della Francesca was a painter of the Early Renaissance whose work is characterized by a serene and contemplative nature, precise use of perspective, and a clear, almost mathematical composition. Born in the town of Borgo San Sepolcro, now known as Sansepolcro, in Tuscany, Italy, Piero was not only a painter but also a mathematician and a geometer, which greatly influenced his artistic approach.

Piero's exact birth date is not known, but it is estimated to be between 1415 and 1420. He was initially trained by a local painter, but he soon came under the influence of other masters like Antonio d'Anghiari. His early work brought him to the attention of influential patrons, including the Duke of Urbino, Federico da Montefeltro.

In the 1430s, Piero worked in Florence, where he was exposed to the works of key Renaissance figures such as Brunelleschi, Donatello, and Masaccio. The influence of their use of perspective and light can be seen in Piero's subsequent work. He then spent a significant part of his career working on frescoes in various Italian cities, including Arezzo, Rimini, and Rome. Perhaps his most celebrated work is the cycle of frescoes 'The Legend of the True Cross' in the Basilica of San Francesco in Arezzo, which demonstrates his mastery of perspective and color.

Apart from his painting, Piero wrote treatises on mathematics and perspective, notably 'De prospectiva pingendi,' which became a pivotal work on Renaissance perspective techniques.

Despite his achievements, Piero's work was somewhat forgotten after his death in 1492 until it was rediscovered in the early 20th century. His work has since been recognized for its contribution to the development of Renaissance art, particularly for its geometrically precise composition and its serene, contemplative figures. Today, Piero della Francesca is celebrated as one of the most important artists of the 15th century, and his works are considered fundamental to understanding the course of Western art.